Technical Glossary T - X
TCP/IP - Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. The dominant protocol suite in the worldwide Internet, TCP is Layer 4, the transport layer. IP is Layer 3, the network layer.
TDM - Time Division Multiplexer. A device that enables the simultaneous transmission of multiple independent data streams into a single high-speed data stream. Or Time Division Multiplexing - A means of dividing a digital circuit into several channels by creating a separate Time Slot for each. Channels are essentially groups of bits separated by time and reassembled at the destination.
TDM Tributary - A DSU or modem that is, for diagnostic purposes, at a logically subsidiary level in an hierarchical network. Tributary DSUs or modems in a network receive control data from the control DSU or modem, as well as from any network management system present in the network.
Telnet - Virtual terminal protocol in the Internet suite of protocols. Allows the user of one host computer to log into a remote host computer.
TIMS - Transmission Impairment Measurement Set.
UAWG - Universal ADSL Working Group.
UNI - User to Network Interface.
Upstream - Typically refers to the transmission speed from the customer premises toward the telephone network.
URL - Uniform Resource Locator. An Internet standard addressing protocol for location and access of resources.
UTP - Unshielded Twisted Pair. See CAT5.
VC - Virtual Circuit. A logical connection or packetswitching mechanism established between two devices at the beginning of a transmission.
VDSL - Very-high-bit-rate DSL. Generally refers to a data transmission speed from 25 to 50+ Mbps over very short distances.
V.Fast Class - A unofficial standard for 28,800 bps transmission. Came before the V.34 standard was approved.
VLAN - Virtual LAN. Workstations on different LANs can be connected using VLAN tagging.
VLSI - Very Large Scale Integration.
VOD - Video On Demand. A service allowing many users to request the same video at the sarne time.
Voice Frequency (VF) - The part of the audio frequency range used to transmit voice sound (usually 300 Hz to 3,400 Hz).
VoiceSpanTM - A paradyne proprietary technology that provides simultaneous voice and data over a single telephone line.
VPN - Virtual Private Network. Software-defined private network.
V.xx - Format for standards governing the transmission of data over analog transmission facilities. While most V.xx standards were developed by the International
Telecommunications Union (Telecommunications Standards Sector (ITU-TSS, formerly CCITT), some (such as V.32terbo) were developed by vendors
and became de facto standards.
WAN - Wide Area Network. A network that spans a large geographic area.
WIPO - World Intellectual Property Organization.
XDSL - Refers to all DSL-based services.
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